Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol.143, No.6, 2545-2551, 2021
Enhanced Photocurrent of All-Inorganic Two-Dimensional Perovskite Cs2PbI2Cl2 via Pressure-Regulated Excitonic Features
Pressure processing is efficient to regulate the structural and physical properties of two-dimensional (2D) halide perovskites which have been emerging for advanced photovoltaic and light-emitting applications. Increasing numbers of studies have reported pressure-induced and/or enhanced emission properties in the 2D halide perovskites. However, no research has focused on their photoresponse properties under pressure tuning. It is also unclear how structural change affects their excitonic features, which govern the optoelectronic properties of the halide perovskites. Herein, we report significantly enhanced photocurrents in the all-inorganic 2D perovskite Cs2PbI2Cl2, achieving over 3 orders of magnitude increase at the industrially achievable level of 2 GPa in comparison with its initial photocurrent. Lattice compression effectively regulates the excitonic features of Cs2PbI2Cl2, reducing the exciton binding energy considerably from 133 meV at ambient conditions to 78 meV at 2.1 GPa. Impressively, such a reduced exciton binding energy of 2D Cs2PbI2Cl2 is comparable to the values of typical 3D perovskites (MAPbBr(3) and MAPbI(3)), facilitating the dissociating of excitons into free carriers and enhancing the photocurrent. Further pressurization leads to a layer-sliding-induced phase transition and an anomalous negative linear compression, which has not been observed so far in other halide perovskites. Our findings reveal the dramatically enhanced photocurrents in the 2D halide perovskite by regulating its excitonic features and, more broadly, provide new insights into materials design toward extraordinary properties.