화학공학소재연구정보센터
Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol.143, No.12, 4639-4645, 2021
Significantly Enhanced Overall Water Splitting Performance by Partial Oxidation of Ir through Au Modification in Core-Shell Alloy Structure
Developing efficient bifunctional electrocatalysts for overall water splitting in acidic conditions is the essential step for proton exchange membrane water electrolyzers (PEMWEs). We first report the synthesis of core-shell structure nanoparticles (NPs) with an Au core and an AuIr2 alloy shell (Au@AuIr2). Au@AuIr2 displayed 4.6 (5.6) times higher intrinsic (mass) activity toward the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) than a commercial Ir catalyst. Furthermore, it showed hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) catalytic properties comparable to those of commercial Pt/C. Significantly, when Au@AuIr2 was used as both the anode and cathode catalyst, the overall water splitting cell achieved 10 mA/cm(2) with a low cell voltage of 1.55 V and maintained this activity for more than 40 h, which greatly outperformed the commercial couples (Ir/C parallel to Pt/C, 1.63 V, activity decreased within minutes) and is among the most efficient bifunctional catalysts reported. Theoretical calculations coupled with X-ray-based structural analyses suggest that partially oxidized surfaces originating from the electronic interaction between Au and Ir provide a balance for different intermediates binding and realize significantly enhanced OER performance.