Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Vol.103, No.11, 6081-6087, 2020
Synthesis of rare earth containing single-phase multicomponent metal carbides via liquid polymer precursor route
Novel high-entropy carbide ceramics (HEC) containing rare earth metals, namely (Ti, Zr, Hf, Ta, La, Y)C, (Ti, Zr, Hf, Ta, Nb, La, Y)C, and (Ti, Zr, Hf, Ta, Nb, Mo, W, La)C were prepared with single-phase structure by polymer precursor method. Controlled co-hydrolysis and polycondensation of equiatomic metal-containing monomers were conducted successively, followed by blending allyl-functional novolac resin as carbon source, and the polymer precursors were obtained as clear viscous liquid solutions. The single-phase formation possibility was theoretically analyzed from the aspects of size-effect parameter delta of the designed compositions. All as-obtained ceramics possessed single face-centered-cubic structure of metal carbides and high-compositional uniformity from nanoscale to microscale. The (Ti, Zr, Hf, Ta, Nb, Mo, W, La)C ceramic powder pyrolyzed at 1800 degrees C exhibited low-oxygen impurity content of 1.2 wt%. Thus, multicomponent high-entropy carbide nanoceramics with over five metal elements containing even rare earth element were firstly synthesized and characterized.