Journal of Physical Chemistry A, Vol.124, No.37, 7340-7345, 2020
Observation of Strong J-Aggregate Light Emission in Monolayer Molecular Crystal on Hexagonal Boron Nitride
J-aggregates are widely used in studies of light-matter interaction and organic optoelectronic devices. Although J-aggregate films can be fabricated on salt by epitaxial growth method, the size is limited to hundreds of nanometer. In this work, with hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) as a substrate, highly crystalline J-aggregate ultrathin films of N,N'-ditridecylperylene 3,4,9,10-tetracarboxylic diimide (PTCDI-C-13) are achieved by physical vapor transport (PVT) method. Significant bathochromically shifted absorption band and narrowed 0-0 transition are observed in the monolayer PTCDI-C-13 crystal on h-BN. The exciton coherence number N-coh of monolayer J-aggregate film extracted from the photoluminescence (PL) spectrum is up to 15 at T = 140 K, which is higher than that of the epitaxially grown layer on salt. Beyond the first molecular layer, the multilayer crystal on h-BN is dominated by H-aggregates. Further study shows that that the first molecular layer on h-BN adopts the highly ordered face-on configuration, while the overlayers adopt the edge-on motif. As a comparison, only H-aggregate PTCDI-C-13 ultrathin films are found on SiO2 substrates, but no J-aggregates. The results suggest that high-quality J-aggregates can be prepared by utilizing appropriate substrates via physical vapor transport.