화학공학소재연구정보센터
Journal of Materials Science, Vol.56, No.3, 2037-2076, 2021
Recent developments on epoxy-based syntactic foams for deep sea exploration
Epoxy syntactic foam (ESF) materials are widely used in marine detection systems, deep sea diving equipment, offshore oil exploration and other deep sea development and exploration equipment due to their superior properties such as low density, high compressive strength and low water absorption. The composition and preparation process of the ESF material determine the structure of the ESF material, the structure determines the performance, and the performance determines the application of the ESF material. The review describes the epoxy-based syntactic foams from the following aspects: definition and classification, preparation methods, properties and influencing factors, application, problems and development trend. The forming methods of hollow glass microspheres (solid-state powder processing method and liquid atomization method), hollow polymer microspheres (spray drying method) and centimeter-sized hollow spheres (rolling ball method and electrostatic fiber flocking method) are introduced in detail, as well as the casting molding method, vacuum molding method and pressure molding method of the syntactic foams. The main objective of this paper is focusing on the influence of various factors including filler content, graded structure, clay material, carbon material, fiber-reinforced material, molding process, material structure (sandwich structure) on the compressive strength and the density of the syntactic foam in detail. The paper may also provide some guidance to the preparation of ESF used in deep sea development and exploration equipment.