Journal of Materials Science, Vol.56, No.7, 4716-4726, 2021
Whispering-gallery mode resonance-assisted plasmonic sensing and switching in subwavelength nanostructures
Whispering-gallery modes (WGMs), confining the resonant photons in nanoscale volumes, have been known to exhibit high-quality factor and sensitivity for electromagnetic waves in the field of nanophotonics. Here, we numerically demonstrate that a metasurface, which consists of periodic arrays with concentrically hybrid rectangular-slot (RS) and circular-ring-aperture (CRA) unit cells, supports polarization-dependent plasmonic sensing and switching in the visible and near-infrared regions. In particular, it is shown that the magnetic plasmon-induced transparency (PIT) effect arises from the coupling between a wideband WGM resonance and a narrowband magnetic dipole resonance mode in the hybrid metasurface. It is of great interest to find that the resonance mode broadening and mode shift sensing can be realized by varying the polarization angle of incident light and the length of the RS structure, respectively. Moreover, a novel and easy-fabricated plasmonic switching can be implemented in the visible and near-infrared regions. By changing the inner radius of the CRA structure, we reveal that the operating wavelength of the plasmonic switching can be extended to the telecom O- or E-band with an optimal ON/OFF ratio being 18.35 dB. Our results provide a path toward designing compact and tunable PIT device and could expand the application range of subwavelength nanostructures to the realm of optical communications and information process.