Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol.578, 116-123, 2020
Detecting zeta potential of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) in electrolyte solutions with atomic force microscope
Zeta potential of PDMS-liquid interface is an important parameter for generating electroosmotic flow in a PDMS microchannel. In this paper, the zeta potentials of a PDMS slab in contacting with electrolyte solutions were evaluated with an atomic force microscope (AFM). As a colloidal probe of the AFM approaches to the surface of a PDMS slab in an electrolyte solution, a force curve is obtained and used to calculate the zeta potential of the PDMS. The effects of the plasma treating time and the aging of the electrolyte solutions on the zeta potential of PDMS surfaces were examined. The experimental results show that the air plasma treating time does not change the zeta potential of PDMS appreciably. Furthermore, the decreased zeta potential of a plasma-treated PDMS in an electrolyte solution is due to liquid aging, not the PDMS itself. Such characteristics probed by AFM provide new understanding of the surface charges of PDMS in electrolyte solutions. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.