Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol.578, 164-170, 2020
Construction of an ultrasensitive electrochemical sensing platform for microRNA-21 based on interface impedance spectroscopy
A hybridization chain reaction (HCR) amplification-based electrochemical impedimetric biosensor is fabricated for the quick, sensitive, and specific detection of miRNA-21 (miR-21) via monitoring of electrode interfacial property changes in real-time. Two sequences of H1 and H2 are adopted to trigger HCR amplification. A large amount of linear DNA concatemer are formed which could change the interfacial properties of the electrode. Interfacial charge transfer resistance difference (R-ct) is probed via electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and Randles equivalent circuit. After amplifying via HCR, oligonucleotides with negatively charged repelling [Fe(CN)(6)](3/4) ions can form a spatial blockage. HCR amplification strategy markedly enhanced the electrochemical signal with a limit of detection (LOD) down to 4.63 fM (S/N = 3). This strategy exhibited excellent selectivity for three different miRNAs: miR-199a, miR-141, and miR-155. Moreover, results show that the proposed method can be applied to miR-21 detection in the total RNA extracted from five cells. This work presents an enzyme-free and label-free EIS nucleic acid sensor for sensitively and selectively detecting miR-21, offering a promising approach in early diseases diagnosis. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Keywords:MicroRNA-21;Electrochemical impedimetric biosensor;Ultrasensitive electrochemical detection