Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol.581, 475-484, 2021
In-situ growth of core-shell ZnFe2O4 @ porous hollow carbon microspheres as an efficient microwave absorber
The special structure and composition are the important factors that determine the microwave absorption properties. In this study, the porous hollow carbon microsphere (PHCMS) is synthesized by the self assembly technology, and ZnFe2O4 particles are synthesized inside the carbon sphere by in-situ preparation with taking advantage of the porous and hollow characteristics of the carbon sphere, which prepares ZnFe2O4@PHCMS composite material. The composite shows good performance in terms of minimum reflection loss and absorption bandwidth. The results show that the maximum adsorption capacity of the composite is -51.43 dB at 7.2 GHz. When the thickness is 4.8 mm, the effective absorption bandwidth of RL < 10 dB electromagnetic wave is 3.52 GHz. Such enhanced electromagnetic wave absorption properties of ZnFe2O4@PHCMS are ascribed to the suitable impedance characteristic, the dipole polarization and interfacial polarization, the multiple Debye relaxation process and strong natural resonance, multiple reflection and scattering. This work provides an approach to design effective microwave absorbers having a unique structure to enhance the microwave absorption properties. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.