Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol.581, 928-938, 2021
A colloid chemistry route for the preparation of hierarchically ordered mesoporous layered double hydroxides using surfactants as sacrificial templates
An efficient synthetic route was developed to prepare hierarchically ordered mesoporous layered double hydroxide (LDH) materials. Sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) was used as a sacrificial template to tune the interfacial properties of the LDH materials during the synthetic process. The SDS dose was optimized to obtain stable dispersions of the SDS-LDH composites, which were calcined, then rehydrated to prepare the desired LDH structures. Results of various characterization studies revealed a clear relationship between the colloidal stability of the SDS-LDH precursors and the structural features of the final materials, which was entirely SDS-free. A comparison to the reference LDH prepared by the traditional co-pre cipitation-calcination-rehydration method in the absence of SDS shed light on a remarkable increase in the specific surface area (one of the highest within the previously reported LDH materials) and pore volume as well as on the formation of a beneficial pore size distribution. As a proof of concept, the mesoporous LDH was applied as adsorbent for removal of nitrate and dichromate anions from aqueous samples, and excellent efficiency was observed in both sorption capacity and recyclability. These results make the obtained LDH a promising candidate as adsorbent in various industrial and environmental processes, wherever the use of mesoporous and organic content-free materials is required. (C) 2020 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc.