Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol.583, 563-570, 2021
Analyzing microalgal biofilm structures formed under different light conditions by evaluating cell-cell interactions
Biofilm structure plays an important role in microalgae biofilm-based culture. This work aims to understand microalgal biofilm structures formed under different light conditions. Here, Scenedesmus obliquus was biofilm cultured under the light spectra of white, blue, green, and red, and the photoperiods of 5:5 s, 30:30 min, and 12:12 h (light : dark period). Biofilms were observed with confocal laser scanning microscopes and profilometry, then the porosity and roughness of biofilm were determined. We found that cells under white light formed a heterogeneous biofilm with many voids, high porosity, and roughness. While under red and blue lights, cells formed homogeneous biofilms with low porosity. Biofilm structures formed under different photoperiods were different. The mechanism of forming different biofilm structures under different light conditions was interpreted from the aspect of cell-cell interactions. Moreover, the results revealed that biomass accumulation increased with the increasing biofilm porosity due to the high effective diffusion coefficient. (c) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.