Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol.584, 372-381, 2021
Dual carbon decorated germanium-carbon composite as a stable anode for sodium/potassium-ion batteries
In the present work, we introduce a dual carbon accommodated structure in which germanium nanoparticles are encapsulated into an ordered mesoporous carbon matrix (Ge-CMK) and further coated with an amorphous carbon layer (Ge@C-CMK) through a nano-casting route followed by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) treatment. In the resultant Ge@C-CMK composite, the unique lane-like pore structure that cooperates with the amorphous carbon surface can not only mitigate the volume expansion of germanium particles, but also improve the electrical conductivity of germanium as well as facilitate Na./K. diffusion. When employed as the anode of sodium-ion batteries, the Ge@C-CMK electrode exhibits stable capacity as well as long-term cycling stability (a stable capacity of 176 mAh g(-1) at 1 A g(-1) after 5000 cycles). Furthermore, it also delivers a reversible capacity when used as the anode of potassium-ion batteries. This demonstrates that the Ge@C-CMK electrode possesses promising application potential as an alternative anode in sodium and potassium ion storage applications. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.