Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol.585, 368-375, 2021
Ultrasmall Pd and PtPd nanoparticles for highly efficient catalysis directed by predesigned Morchella-inspired encapsulation
Although bio-inspired designs for ultrasmall metal nanoparticles (NPs) are likely to play an important role in exploring future heterogeneous catalysis materials, synthesizing these structures while retaining surface activity and avoiding aggregation is challenging. Inspired by the Morchella with the spatially and well- organized porous structures, we proposed a biological strategy to yield NPs with ultrasmall and highly dispersed while maintaining high catalytic activity through surfactin self-assembly. Here, multifunctional Morchella-like biological pores (MBP) nanomaterials (similar to 28 nm) with reduction and encapsulation has been synthesized by surfactin self-assembly, then, ultrasmall PtPd (similar to 2.90 nm) and Pd NPs (similar to 2.87 nm) with coordinated sizes and well-dispersed have been successfully reduced and encapsulated inside the MBP. Notably, the synthesis possesses distinct advantages such as mild reaction conditions, strong controllability, good biological compatibility, low-toxicity and environmental friendliness. The as-prepared MBP-encapsulated ultrasmall PtPd and Pd NPs (M@MBP NPs) exhibited excellent catalytic activity and toxicity resistance for the ethanol oxidation reaction (EOR) in KOH, due to the synergistic effect of MBP and ultra small metal NPs. The current density of PtPd@MBP and Pd@MBP NPs were 3.35 and 2.72 A mg(-1), respectively. Such MBP synthesized and encapsulated nanoparticles open a new frontier for the design and preparation of NPs for various applications, such as catalysis, bioremediation and drug delivery. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.