Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol.585, 716-728, 2021
Highly hydrophobic polytetrafluoroethylene particle immobilization via polydopamine anchor layer on nitric oxide releasing polymer for biomedical applications
Biomedical surface-associated infections and thrombus formation are two major clinical issues that challenge patient safety and patient the fate of a medical device in the body. Single platform multifunctional surfaces are critical to address both these indwelling medical device-related problems. In this work, bioinspired approaches are employed to fabricate a polymer composite with a versatile surface that can reduce bacterial infections and platelet adhesion in vitro. In the first bio-inspired approach, the functionality of nitric oxide (NO) produced by endothelial cell lining of blood vessels is mimicked through incorporation of S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP) within a CarboSil-2080A (TM) (CarboSil) polymer composite matrix. The second approach involves utilizing mussel adhesive chemistry, via polydopamine (PDA) to immobilize polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) particles on the polymer composite surface. The PTFE coating facilitates a decrease in wettability by making the polymer composite surface highly hydrophobic (contact angle ca. 120 degrees). The surface of the fabricated polymer composite, CarboSil SNAP-PTFE, had a cobblestone-like structured appearance as characterized through scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Water contact angle (WCA) and surface tension measurements indicated no significant coating losses after 24 h under physiological conditions. NO surface flux was measured and analyzed for 5 days using a chemiluminescence-based nitric oxide analyzer and was found to be within the physiological range. CarboSil SNAP-PTFE reduced adhered bacteria (99.3 +/- 0.5% for Gram-positive S. aureus and 99.1 +/- 0.4% for Gram-negative E. coli) in a 24 h in vitro study. SEM analysis showed the absence of biofilm formation on CarboSil SNAP-PTFE polymer composites, while present on CarboSil in 24 h exposure to S. aureus. Platelet adhesion was reduced by 83.3 +/- 4.5%. Overall, the results of this study suggest that a combination of NO-releasing CarboSil with PTFE coating can drastically reduce infection and platelet adhesion. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.