Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol.587, 590-596, 2021
Propelling electrochemical kinetics of transition metal oxide for high-rate lithium-ion battery through in situ deoxidation
To engineer advanced anodes for high-rate lithium-ion battery, rational structural design with insightful understanding of rapid reaction kinetics is important and still highly desirable. In this work, a high temperature in situ deoxidation strategy is used to propel electrochemical kinetics of NiO through incorporating an intrinsic Ni component. Both theoretical calculation and experimental study demonstrate that the Ni-NiO heterojunction significantly enhances the electronic conductivity and ion diffusion properties. Accordingly, the lithium-ion battery modified with the heterostructured Ni-NiO shows remarkably improved charge transfer efficiency and rate performance, substantially outperforming many reported NiO-based anodes. This work opens up the exploration of heterostructured metal compounds as kinetic regulators for high-rate lithium-ion battery and also enlightens the understanding of defect chemistry in propelling electrochemical reactions. (c) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.