Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol.587, 644-649, 2021
Independent co-delivery of model actives with different degrees of hydrophilicity from oil-in-water and water-in-oil emulsions stabilised by solid lipid particles via a Pickering mechanism: a-proof-of-principle study
Hypothesis: The development of vehicles for the co-encapsulation of actives with diverse characteristics and their subsequent controllable co-delivery is gaining increasing research interest. Predominantly centred around pharmaceutical applications, the majority of such co-delivery approaches have been focusing on solid formulations and less so on liquid-based systems. Simple emulsions can be designed to offer a liquid-based microstructural platform for the compartmentalised multi-delivery of actives. Experiments: In this work, solid lipid nanoparticle stabilised Pickering emulsions were used for the coencapsulation/co-delivery of two model actives with different degrees of hydrophilicity. Lipid particles containing a model hydrophobic active were prepared in the presence of either Tween 20 or whey protein isolate, and were then used to stabilise water-in-oil or oil-in-water emulsions, containing a secondary model active within their dispersed phase. Findings: Solid lipid nanoparticles prepared with either type of emulsifier were able to provide stable emulsions. Release kinetic data fitting revealed that different co-delivery profiles can be achieved by controlling the surface properties of the lipid nanoparticles. The current proof-of-principle study presents preliminary data that confirm the potential of this approach to be utilised as a flexible liquid-based platform for the segregated co-encapsulation and independent co-release of different combinations of actives, either hydrophobic/hydrophilic or hydrophobic/hydrophobic, with diverse release profiles. (c) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.