Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol.588, 522-530, 2021
Temperature- and composition-dependent conformational transitions of amphipathic peptide-phospholipid nanodiscs
Nanodiscs are discoidal particles in which a lipid bilayer is encircled by amphipathic molecules such as proteins, peptides, or synthetic polymers. The apolipoprotein-A-I-derived peptide 18A is known to form nanodiscs in the presence of phospholipids, but the detailed mechanism of the formation and deformation of these nanodiscs in response to changes in the surrounding environment is not well understood. Here, we investigated the temperature- and composition-dependent structural changes of 18A-phosphatidylcholine complexes using fluorescence spectroscopy, dynamic light scattering, circular dichroism, static P-31 NMR, and electron microscopy. We found that the nanodiscs in fast isotropic rotational motion increased in size above the gel-to-liquid-crystalline phase transition temperature of the lipid bilayers, resulting in the formation of enlarged nanodiscs and a lamellar phase. The lamellar phase was found to be oriented along the magnetic field. Further increase in temperature induced the formation of lipid vesicles. These transformations were explained using a transition model based on the migration of the peptide from the rim of the nanodiscs to the liquid-crystalline bilayer phase. The study outcomes provide a basis for understanding the design principles of discoidal nanostructures for structural biology and nanomedicine applications. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.