Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol.588, 357-368, 2021
S-scheme bismuth vanadate and carbon nitride integrating with dual-functional bismuth nanoparticles toward co-efficiently removal formaldehyde under full spectrum light
It is crucial to develop more effective photocatalysts in the field of clean environment. In response, the S-scheme BiVO4/g-C3N4 heterojunction modified by in situ reduced non-noble metal Bi nanoparticles was used to synergistically degrade formaldehyde under full spectral irradiation. The results, that investigated by careful characterizations and density functional theory (DFT) calculations, proved that BiVO4/g-C3N4 form an S-scheme heterojunction, which can effectively improve the separation efficiency of photogenic carriers and maintain the original strong redox capability of semiconductor materials. The SPR effect of Bi elemental substance enhanced the optical response and provided more oxidative species. Thus, the photocatalytic activity of BiVO4/g-C3N4 was significantly improved through their joint efforts, that the degradation efficiency of HCHO (800 ppm) for 6 h is 96.39% under 300 W Xenon lamp without filter with the pseudo-second-order rate constant of 4.16 ppm(-1) .h(-1) and CO(2 )selectivity of 98.41%. Surprisingly, the degradation efficiency also reached to 49.35% and 32.23% under visible and near-infrared light irradiation, respectively. Moreover, we also tested its photocatalytic decomposition effect on formaldehyde in coatings, indicating that it has a broad prospect in future coatings applications. This study may provide an expected photocatalyst, an efficient non-noble metal modified S-scheme heterojunction, to degrade volatile organic gases under a broad spectrum light. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.