Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol.589, 157-165, 2021
Magnetic spin exchange interaction in SmCo5/Co nanocomposite magnet for large energy product
Magnetic spin exchange-coupled magnets have been investigated for obtaining an enhanced energy product, however, approaches at the nanoscale have been greatly restricted because of the lack of consideration of the relationships among the individual components. Here, we suggest a facile strategy for fabricating exchange-coupled nanomagnets with a large energy product. As a bottom-up approach, this work introduces a combined thermal decomposition and reduction/diffusion process to obtain a magnetic spin exchange coupled SmCo5/Co nanocomposite magnet. The SmCo5/Co nanocomposite magnet was fabricated through a three-step approach: (1) chemical synthesis of Co@SmOx nanoparticles and Co nanoparticles as hard and soft magnetic phases, respectively, (2) 3-dimensional alternating arrangement of both magnetic phases and (3) a reduction/diffusion process for the magnetic spin exchange interaction. Our results demonstrate that an effective magnetic spin exchange interaction strongly depends on the dimension and arrangement of the hard and soft phases, which were synthetically tuned to be within the magnetic domain wall size. (C) 2020 Published by Elsevier Inc.