Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol.590, 436-445, 2021
Three-dimensional ordered magnetic macroporous metal-organic frameworks for enzyme immobilization
Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have been emerged as a promising support for immobilizing enzymes owing to the tunable porosity, high surface area, and structural diversity. However, most of these possess nanometer size and small pores, which are difficult to recover them from the reaction medium and present low immobilization efficiency and protein loading capacity, and high substrate diffusion limitations. Herein, a novel magnetic amino-functionalized zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 (ZIF-8) with 3D highly ordered macroporous structure was synthesized using the assembled polystyrene (PS) nanosphere monoliths as a template. Subsequently, catalase (CAT) molecules were immobilized on the surface of macroporous magnetic ZIF-8 and inside the macropores by precipitation, covalent binding and crosslinking. The resultant immobilized CAT showed high immobilization efficiency (58%) and protein loading capacity (29%), leading to 500% higher activity than the immobilized CAT on ZIF-8 (CAT/ZIF-8). Meanwhile, the immobilized CAT could be easily recovered with a magnet without obvious activity loss. The traditional CAT/ZIF-8 lost its activity after 6 cycles, whereas, the immobilized CAT retained 90% activity of its initial activity after reusing for 8 cycles, indicating excellent reusability. In conclusion, this study provides a facile and efficient approach to immobilize enzymes on/in MOFs with enhanced activity and excellent recyclability. (c) 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.