Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol.590, 290-300, 2021
Assembly of multifunction dyes and heat shock protein 90 inhibitor coupled to bovine serum albumin in nanoparticles for multimodal photodynamic/photothermal/chemo-therapy
The proangiogenic protein, survivin, is a client protein for heat shock protein 90 (Hsp-90), whose overexpression is induced by photodynamic therapy (PDT), leading to the inhibition of capase-9 and the blockage of apoptosis. The overexpression of Hsp-90 in cancer cells can rapidly acquire thermoresistance during photothermal therapy (PTT), leading to insufficient apoptosis, increased cell viability, and tumor recurrence. A potential approach to block the PTT-induced overexpression of Hsp-90 and the overexpression of survivin is developed by using an Hsp-90 inhibitor and anticancer agent, namely, geldanamycin (GM). These inhibitors also develop a mild-temperature PTT strategy to reach synergistic PDT and PTT efficiency. Thus, Cy7-SQ is designed by a covalent disulfide linkage between a photothermal agent (i.e., canine dye 7 [Cy7]) and a photosensitizer (i.e., squaraine dye [SQ]) for the improved photostability and thermal stability of Cy7 and SQ. The cleavage of the Cy7-SQ linkage by glutathione in a tumor microenvironment increases the efficiency of synergistic PDT and PTT. In the current study, bovine serum albumin (BSA)/Cy7-SQ/GM nanoparticles are developed through the self-assembly of BSA, Cy7-SQ, and GM to accelerate the apoptosis of cancer cells via near-infrared (NIR) laser irradiation, thus realizing Hsp-90-regulated synergistic PDT/PTT combined with chemotherapy. (c) 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.