Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol.590, 28-37, 2021
Co-immobilization of antioxidant enzymes on titania nanosheets for reduction of oxidative stress in colloid systems
Immobilization of single antioxidant enzyme systems was frequently studied in the past, however, there is a lack of reliable reports on the co-immobilization of such enzymes. Here, an antioxidant enzyme cascade involving superoxide dismutase (SOD) and horseradish peroxidase (HRP) was successfully immobilized on titania nanosheets (TNS) by the sequential adsorption method using poly (diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (PDADMAC) and poly(styrene sulfonate) (PSS) polyelectrolyte building blocks. The development of the cascade system was based on a colloid approach, in which the charging and aggregation processes were optimized in each synthetic step. The polyelectrolyte and enzyme multilayers were built up in two different sequences at the particle interface, namely, TNSPDADMAC-SOD-PSS-HRP and TNS-HRP-PDADMAC-SOD-PSS. The formation of the polyelectrolyte layers led to charge reversal of the carrier and the saturated PDADMAC and PSS layers stabilized the dispersions, in particular, their resistance against salt-induced aggregation was especially excellent. The results of enzymatic assays revealed that the SOD and HRP-like activities of the composites depended on the location of the enzymes in the hybrid material. The obtained compounds showed remarkable antioxidant effect and were able to simultaneously decompose superoxide radical anions and hydrogen peroxide. The cascade systems are of great promise in industrial manufacturing processes during the preparation of high-quality products without any damages by reactive oxygen species. (c) 2021 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).