Journal of Catalysis, Vol.391, 132-144, 2020
Catalytic combustion of CVOCs over CrxTi1-x oxide catalysts
CrxTi1-x oxide catalysts prepared by a sol-gel process were investigated in catalytic combustion of 1,2-dichloroethane, vinyl chloride, chlorobenzene, 1,2-dichlorobenzene, and trichloroethylene. FT-IR spectra on Cr0.1Ti0.9 showed that 1,2-dichloroethane, vinyl chloride, and chlorobenzene adsorbed through the hydrogen bond between Ti-OH and Cl atoms and then interacted with surface Cr6+=O in Cr2O72 species to form a reactive enolic species, which was further oxidized with surface oxygen. The activity was greatly dependent on Cr6+ as both a strong Lewis acid and reducible sites. TOFCr6+ at 200 degrees C was 0.59-1. 12 x 10(-3) s(-1). Chlorination products were not observed with the conversion approaching completion below 300 degrees C. The activity on a stream feed containing 1000 ppm reactants at 245 and 285 degrees C was maintained for at least 100 h. The formation of Cr-O-Ti effectively inhibited the escape of Cr as Cl2CrO2. It was confirmed by physically closed contact of Cr2O3 and TiO2 that a synergism between Cr6+ and Ti-OH was responsible for the high activity and stability of CrxTi1-x catalysts. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.