Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering, Vol.129, No.3, 284-290, 2020
Analysis of amino acid residues involved in the thermal properties of isocitrate dehydrogenases from a psychrophilic bacterium, Colwellia maris, and a psychrotrophic bacterium, Pseudomonas psychrophila
Monomeric NADP(+)-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) from a psychrophilic bacterium, Colwella maris, (CmIDH) is a cold-adapted enzyme, whereas that of a psychrotrophic bacterium, Pseudomonas psychrophila, (PpIDH) is mesophilic. However, the amino acid sequence identity of the two IDHs is high (67%). To identify the amino acid residues involved in the differences in their thermal properties, such as optimum temperature and thermostability for activity, six amino acid residues located in the corresponding positions of their regions 2 and 3 were substituted by site-directed mutagenesis, and several thermal properties of the mutated IDHs were examined. CmIDH mutants, CmE538L, CmE596L and CmA741S, substituted at Glu538, Glu596 and Ala741 by the corresponding PpIDH residues of Leu, Leu and Ser, respectively, exhibited higher thermostability than wild-type CmIDH (CmWT). Furthermore, the specific activity of CmE596L and CmA741S was higher than that of CmWT. On the other hand, the corresponding mutants of PpIDH PpL536E, PpL594E and PpS739A were more thermolabile than wild-type PpIDH, and PpL594E had a lower specific activity at temperatures over 45 degrees C. These results suggested that these amino acid residues of CmIDH and PpIDH are involved in their thermal properties. (C) 2019, The Society for Biotechnology, Japan. All rights reserved.