Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering, Vol.131, No.1, 39-46, 2021
YMR152W from Saccharomyces cerevisiae encoding a novel aldehyde reductase for detoxification of aldehydes derived from lignocellulosic biomass
Aldehydes are the main inhibitors generated during the pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass, which can inhibit cell growth and disturb subsequent fermentation. Saccharomyces cerevisiae has the intrinsic ability to in situ detoxify aldehydes to their less toxic or nontoxic alcohols by numerous aldehyde dehydrogenases/reductases during the lag phase. Herein, we report that an uncharacterized open reading frame YMR152W from S. cerevisiae encodes a novel aldehyde reductase with catalytic functions for reduction of at least six aldehydes, including two furan aldehydes (furfural and 5-hydroxymethylfurfural), three aliphatic aldehydes (acetaldehyde, glycolaldehyde, and 3-methylbutanal), and an aromatic aldehyde (benzaldehyde) with NADH or NADPH as the co-factor. Particularly, Ymr152wp displayed the highest specific activity (190.86 U/mg), and the best catalytic rate constant (K-cat), catalytic efficiency (K-cat/K-m), and affinity (K-m) when acetaldehyde was used as the substrate with NADH as the co-factor. The optimum pH of Ymr152wp is acidic (pH 5.0-6.0), but this enzyme is more stable in alkaline conditions (pH 8.0). Metal ions, chemical protective additives, salts, and substrates could stimulate or inhibit enzyme activities of Ymr152wp in varying degrees. Ymr152wp was classified into the quinone oxidoreductase (QOR) subfamily of the medium-chain dehydrogenase/reductase (MDR) family based on the results of amino acid sequence analysis and phylogenetic analysis. Although Ymr152wp was grouped into the QOR family, no quinone reductase activity was observed using typical quinones (9,10-phenanthrenequinone, 1,2-naphthoquinone, and p-benzoquinone) as the substrates. This study provides guidelines for exploring more uncharacterized aldehyde reductases in S. cerevisiae for in situ detoxification of aldehyde inhibitors derived from lignocellulosic hydrolysis. (C) 2020, The Society for Biotechnology, Japan. All rights reserved.