International Journal of Energy Research, Vol.44, No.13, 10908-10916, 2020
Synthesis of nickel hydroxide/reduced graphene oxide composite thin films for water splitting application
Facile synthesis of highly efficient and low-cost electrocatalyst for oxygen evolution reaction (OER) is important for large-scale hydrogen production. Herein, nickel hydroxide/reduced graphene oxide (Ni(OH)(2)/rGO) composite thin film was fabricated using dip-coating followed by electrodeposition method on Ni foam substrate at room temperature. The deposited composite film shows amorphous nature with ultra-thin Ni(OH)(2)nanosheets vertically coated on rGO surface, which provides large electrochemical surface area and abundant catalytically active sites. It exhibits a low overpotential of 260 mV @10 mA cm(-2)as compared to the pristine electrodes and excellent long-term stability up to 20 hours in 1 M KOH solution. The electrochemical active surface area and Tafel slope of the composite electrode are 20.2 mF cm(-2)and 35 mV dec(-1), respectively. The superior water oxidation performance is a result of high catalytically active sites and improved conductivity of the composite electrode.