International Journal of Energy Research, Vol.44, No.13, 10495-10505, 2020
Phase change material impregnated wood for passive thermal management of timber buildings
The Scots pine (Pinus sylvestrisL.) sapwood was impregnated with the eutectic mixture of capric acid (CA) and stearic acid (SA) as phase change material (PCM) via vacuum process for passive thermoregulation in timber buildings. The hygroscopic properties, mechanical properties, thermal energy storage (TES) characteristics and lab-scale thermo-regulative performance of wood/CA-SA composite were evaluated. The produced composite from PCM was morphologically and physico-chemically characterized by SEM, FT-IR and XRD analysis. Thermal energy storage (TES) properties, cycling chemical/thermal reliability, and thermal degradation stability of the produced composite were determined by TG/DTA and DSC analysis. The hygroscopic tests revealed that the wood/CA-SA composite showed low water absorption (WA) and high anti-swelling efficiency (ASE) after 264 hours in water. Wood treatment with CA-SA increased the bending and compression strength of wood. TG/DTA data demonstrated that the wood/CA-SA composite left higher residue of 10.31% at 800 degrees C than that of wood with 6.87%. The DSC measurements showed that the obtained wood/CA-SA composite had a good TES capacity of about 94 J/g at 23.94 degrees C. The cycling DSC results confirmed the eutectic PCM in wood indicated high chemical stability and storage/release reliability even though it was run 600 times melt/freeze. According to thermal performance test, the wood/CA-SA composite has ability of storing excess heat in the environment and preventing the heat flow to the environment. It can be concluded that the fabricated wood/CA-SA composite can be used for indoor temperature regulation and energy saving in timber buildings.