International Journal of Energy Research, Vol.44, No.14, 11930-11940, 2020
Design of three-dimensional interconnected porous hydroxyapatite ceramic-based composite phase change materials for thermal energy storage
In this article, three-dimensional connected porous hydroxyapatite ceramics (PHCs) were prepared by using the Pickering emulsion template, which possessing controlled pore structure simply by adjusting the solid content from 35 to 55 wt%. The polyethylene glycol (PEG) and PHCs were compounded by vacuum impregnation to acquire composite phase change materials (CPCMs) with admirable shape stability. The SEM and EDS images showed that PEG was successfully adsorbed in the pore, and the results of FT-IR, XRD, TGA, and thermal cycles test, demonstrated the CPCMs possessed satisfactory chemical stability, favorable thermal stability, and wonderful thermal reliability. The maximum package ratio obtained was 66 wt%, which was supported by the PHC sample prepared with a solid content of 40 wt%. Moreover, the phase transition temperature and latent heat during melting and solidification were 53.41 degrees C and 117.5 J/g, 36.49 degrees C and 111.1 J/g, respectively. Therefore, the prepared PCM composites had a controlled pore structure, stable chemical properties, high latent heat, and excellent thermal reliability, making it a reliable application of thermal energy storage.
Keywords:form-stable composite PCM;pickering emulsions;polyethylene glycol;porous hydroxyapatite ceramic;thermal energy storage