International Journal of Energy Research, Vol.45, No.2, 1959-1970, 2021
Available methane from anthracite by combining coal seam microflora andH(2)O(2)pretreatment
The conversion of coal to methane by anaerobic microorganisms is an efficient, clean, and green way to utilize coal. However, methane production is relatively low due to the low bioavailability of coal. H(2)O(2)has been demonstrated to increase methane production by transferring coal to liquid organics. Little is known about the bioavailability of residual coal after H(2)O(2)pretreatment. Here, H(2)O(2)was employed to pretreat anthracite, and the potential of residual coal to produce methane was analyzed. The optimum conditions for pretreatment were 30% H(2)O(2)for 12 hours when the methane production reached 254.97 mu mol/g coal, increased by 24.98% compared with that in unpretreated coal. The results of FTIR showed that the substitutions of aromatics, alkanes rings, aliphatics, and even C=C structure in coal were depolymerized and oxygen-containing functional groups were generated after pretreatment with H2O2. The oxygen-containing functional groups were further degraded by anaerobic microflora. The XRD results showed that the crystal structure of coal decreased after pretreatment with H(2)O(2)following 27 days of cultivation. These results suggested that H(2)O(2)pretreatment mainly altered coal by increasing the oxygen-containing functional groups and decreasing the crystal structure of coal to facilitate coal biodegradation and enhance biomethane production. The effect of H(2)O(2)on the production of biomethane was not only to produce easily degradable organics, but also to change the coal structure and promote the degradation of residual coal. Therefore, the enhancement of biomethane production by H(2)O(2)pretreatment on surface bioconversion and underground coalbed methane mining should take the increase methane yield from residual coal into account.