International Journal of Energy Research, Vol.45, No.2, 2766-2775, 2021
Electronic anti-injection effect for carbonyl in anchor group based on diphenylacetylene D-2-pi-A sensitizer in dye-sensitized solar cells
Up to now, in developing organic molecules for dye-sensitized solar cells, the determining role of acceptors has not yet received enough attention. Herein, three novel sensitizers were prepared with D-2-pi-A structure, following cyanoacetic acid, acetic acid, and rhodanine-3-acetic acid as the acceptors, respectively. It was found that the thiocarbonyl and carbonyl groups, which are separated by two atoms with carboxyl group, effectively promoted molecular light harvesting, intramolecular charge transfer, and improved energy level matching, but a significant electron-blocking effect occurred, which limited the enhancement of photoelectric conversion performance with rhodanine-3-acetic acid. FromPT-1toPT-3, the power conversion efficiency decreased sharply from 5.27% to 2.70%. As a result, an electronic anti-injection effect of electron-drawing unit in the anchor group compared with cyanoacetic acid was found for the development of organic sensitizer design.