International Journal of Energy Research, Vol.45, No.1, 807-823, 2021
Battery control for leveling the amount of electricity purchase in smart-energy houses
An optimal operation method in smart-energy houses with photovoltaics (PV) and a storage battery was investigated in a trial production system. In this method, the inverse current of the PV output is not conveyed to the commercial electricity system as operation conditions. Instead, the excess of the consumed PV power is applied to leveling the electricity purchase by appropriately charging and discharging the storage battery. To validate the proposed system, a lithium battery (4 kWh) and PV cell (3 kW) used in average individual houses was installed in a smart-energy house in a local city (Kitami) in Japan. Another example was introduced into a wider area (Hokkaido, Japan). Accounting for the error between the weather forecast and actual solar radiation, the trial production system reduced the range in the electricity purchase amount by 75.0%, 77.0%, and 73.0% on a representative day in January, April, and July, respectively. The accuracy of the reduction effect in the trial production system, obtained in the proposed optimization analysis, ranged from 1.9% to 7.2%. Moreover, the CO(2)emissions were reduced by 1.990 kg-CO2/(Day-House) in January, 2.910 kg-CO2/(Day-House) in April, and 2.210 kg-CO2/(Day-House) in July.