Inorganic Chemistry, Vol.59, No.16, 11749-11756, 2020
Enhanced Spontaneous Polarization by V4+ Substitution in a Lead-Free Perovskite CaMnTi2O6
Spontaneous polarization (P-s) of novel order-disorder type lead-free ferroelectric CaMnTi2O6 was successfully enhanced by partial V4+ substitution for Ti4+. A synchrotron X-ray diffraction study revealed that the polar displacement of octahedrally coordinated (Ti, V) in CaMn(Ti1-xVx)(2)O-6 (0 <= x <= 0.4) increases with V4+ substitution having Jahn-Teller activity owing to the d1 electronic configuration. Our magnetic study suggested the presence of antisite disorder between Ca2+ and square planar coordinated Mn2+ associated with Mn-V intermetallic charge transfer for x >= 0.4, resulting in decreases in spontaneous polarization and the ferroelectric-paraelectric transition temperature. This is the first report on the enhanced polarization owing to the Jahn-Teller distortion of V4+ without stereochemical Pb2+ or Bi3+.