화학공학소재연구정보센터
Inorganic Chemistry, Vol.59, No.24, 17906-17915, 2020
Bi3+-Doped BaYF5:Yb,Er Upconversion Nanoparticles with Enhanced Luminescence and Application Case for X-ray Computed Tomography Imaging
In this work, BaYF5:20%Yb3+/2%Er3+/x%Bi3+ (abbreviated as BaYF5:Yb,Er,Bi-x, where x = 0-3.0) upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) with various doping concentrations of Bi3+ were synthesized through a simple hydrothermal method. The influence of the doping amount of Bi3+ on the microstructures and upconversion luminescence (UCL) properties of the BaYF5:Yb,Er,Bi-x UCNPs was studied in detail. The doping concentration of Bi3+ has little influence on the microstructures of the UCNPs but significantly impacts their UCL intensities. Under excitation of a 980 nm near-IR laser, the observed UCL intensities for the BaYF5:Yb,Er,Bi-x UCNPs display first an increasing trend and then a decreasing trend with an increase in the ratio x, giving a maximum at x = 2.5. A possible energy-transfer process and simplified energy levels of the BaYF5:Yb,Er,Bi-x UCNPs were proposed. The potential of the BaYF5:Yb,Er,Bi-x UCNPs as contrast agents for computerized tomography (CT) imaging was successfully demonstrated. An obvious accumulation of BaYF5:Yb,Er,Bi-x in tumor sites was achieved because of high passive targeting by the enhanced permeability and retention effect and relatively low uptake by a reticuloendothelial system such as liver and spleen. This work paves a new route for the design of luminescence-enhanced UNCPs as promising bioimaging agents for cancer theranostics.