Inorganic Chemistry, Vol.60, No.1, 263-271, 2021
Sample Dependence of Magnetism in the Next-Generation Cathode Material LiNi0.8Mn0.1Co0.1O2
We present a structural and magnetic study of two batches of polycrystalline LiNi0.8Mn0.1Co0.1O2 (commonly known as Li NMC 811), a Ni-rich Li ion battery cathode material, using elemental analysis, X-ray and neutron diffraction, magnetometry, and polarized neutron scattering measurements. We find that the samples, labeled S1 and S2, have the composition Li1-xNi0.9+x-yMnyCo0.1O2, with x = 0.025(2), y = 0.120(2) for Si and x = 0.002(2), y = 0.094(2) for S2, corresponding to different concentrations of magnetic ions and excess Ni2+ in the Li+ layers. Both samples show a peak in the zero-field-cooled (ZFC) dc susceptibility at 8.0(2) K, but the temperature at which the ZFC and FC (field-cooled) curves deviate is substantially different: 64(2) K for Si and 122(2) K for S2. The ac susceptibility measurements show that the transition for Si shifts with frequency whereas no such shift is observed for S2 within the resolution of our measurements. Our results demonstrate the sample dependence of magnetic properties in Li NMC 811, consistent with previous reports on the parent material LiNiO2. We further establish that a combination of experimental techniques is necessary to accurately determine the chemical composition of next-generation battery materials with multiple cations.