Inorganic Chemistry, Vol.60, No.3, 2087-2096, 2021
Cd-MOF@PVDF Mixed-Matrix Membrane with Good Catalytic Activity and Recyclability for the Production of Benzimidazole and Amino Acid Derivatives
Mixed-matrix membranes (MMMs) incorporating metal-organic framework crystalline fillers as heterogeneous catalysts for organic transformation reactions have attracted more attention in catalysis science. Herein, a new 3D cadmium metal-organic framework (H3O)center dot[Cd(dppa)] (1) was first synthesized using the rigid 4-(3,5-dicarboxylphenyl)picolinic acid (H(3)dppa) as an organic ligand under solvothermal conditions, exhibiting a novel 6,6-connected network and good tolerance to various solvents. After activation, 1 showed good catalytic reactivity and selectivity for the synthesis of benzimidazole derivatives, affording solvent-dependent catalytic activity. Then, using the microcrystals of 1 and poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) as raw materials, 1@PVDF MMMs were successfully prepared by polymer solution casting. Notably, the integration of MOF and PVDF endows the mixed-matrix membrane 1@PVDF with great advantages in terms of more dispersive Lewis acid catalytic sites and recyclability. As expected, 1@PVDF not only displays good catalytic activity comparable to that of activated 1 but also exhibits remarkable recyclability and continuous usability for the production of benzimidazole and alpha- or beta-amino acid derivatives. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time that a Cd-based MOF and MMMs have been applied as a catalyst for the production of a beta-amino acid. The combination of catalytic MOF and PVDF provides a way to simplify the design of a flow reactor and reduce the costs of manufacturing.