화학공학소재연구정보센터
Inorganic Chemistry, Vol.60, No.3, 1885-1892, 2021
Experimental and Theoretical Studies on Effects of Structural Modification of Tin Nanoclusters for Third-Order Nonlinear Optical Properties
Tin oxide based materials have attracted much attention as new sources for nonlinear optical (NLO) devices, while the electronic mechanism behind the structure and nonlinearity is still unclear. In this work, by precisely controlling different functionalization ligands, here a series of binuclear [(nBuSn)(2)(TEOA)(2)L-2] (L = monocarboxylic acid ligand) complexes have been synthesized and characterized; we also adopted a new method to make the metal clusters and PMMA blend together for NLO testing. Importantly, the electronic structure, static third-order NLO properties, sum over states (SOS) have been studied by both experimental and density function theory (DFT) analysis. The effects for general NLO polarizability under various conditions, including different substitutions ligands and replacement of the metal cores, have been further investigated. The results indicate the static second hyperpolarizabilities (gamma) is inversely proportional to the band gap decreases. Notably, the theory predicts that the third-order nonlinear coefficient will double through the synergistic effects of pull-push groups. The hole-electron analysis of the main excited states indicates the simultaneous introduction of pull-push electron groups into the system cause the excitation of the valence layer from LE to LLCT, which also leads to significant increase in the gamma value of complex 13. This work demonstrates that an efficient adjustment for the intensity of NLO polarizability can be achieved by regulating the substitutions and the material structures, providing a new potential for the application of tin-oxo clusters in the field of nonlinear optics.