IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol.36, No.1, 468-479, 2021
DC Current and Voltage Droop Control Method of Hybrid HVDC Systems for an Offshore Wind Farm Connection to Enhance AC Voltage Stability
A new DC current-voltage droop control method for a hybrid high-voltage direct-current (HVDC) system featuring a voltage-sourced converter (VSC) rectifier and a line-commutated converter (LCC) inverter is presented. The proposed method utilizes DC voltage droop control to reduce the AC voltage fluctuation at the inverter side, to exploit the hybrid HVDC system for connecting offshore wind farms to weak grids without necessitating continuous reactive power compensation facilities. Additionally, an optimal droop coefficient calculation method is proposed to keep the AC voltage constant for wind power fluctuations. To evaluate the stability of the proposed method, a small-signal state-space (SS) model of the target system is derived and the root locus analysis is given. Simulation case studies are performed using an electromagnetic transient model in PSCAD and an SS model in MATLAB. The results demonstrate that a hybrid HVDC system with the proposed method successfully integrates offshore wind energy and weak grids without additional facilities because the AC voltage can be maintained at a near constant during wind fluctuations.