IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol.36, No.1, 431-440, 2021
Simplified Nonlinear Voltage-Mode Control of PWM DC-DC Buck Converter
This paper introduces a new nonlinear voltage-mode controller for a PWM dc-dc buck converter operating in continuous conduction mode. The sliding-mode control technique is used to derive a simplified equivalent control law based on the averaged dc-dc buck converter dynamics. As opposed to the reported design approaches, the proposed control scheme only requires the output voltage in the feedback loop without the need to the capacitor current. Thus, the analogue implementation cost is reduced and the drawback of adding a capacitor current sensor to the power converter is eliminated. The control equation is realized in a simple analogue circuit using few op-amps and resistors, which is suitable for industrial applications. The system modeling and control design procedure along with the derivation of the existence and stability conditions are presented. The control system performance is analyzed using MATLAB and SaberRD simulations. Furthermore, a simple analogue prototype of the simplified nonlinear voltage-mode controlled dc-dc buck converter is developed on a PCB. The simulation and experimental results show that the controller maintains a constant switching frequency, exhibits fast transient response, and provides good tracking performance under large disturbances.
Keywords:Control systems;Mathematical model;Voltage control;Buck converters;Integrated circuits;Capacitors;Switching frequency;Analogue circuits;dc-dc converters;nonlinear control systems;pulse-width modulation;sliding-mode control