Energy & Fuels, Vol.34, No.12, 15870-15877, 2020
Investigation on the Structural Features of Hanglaiwan Subbituminous Coal and Its Residues from Solvent Extraction and Thermal Dissolution
Hanglaiwan subbituminous coal (HSBC) was subjected to solvent extraction (SE) with an isometric carbon disulfide/acetone mixed solvent (IMCDSAMS) to obtain a residue (R-SE ). Thermal dissolution (TD) of R-SE was conducted in cyclohexane (CH) and ethanol (E), respectively, to afford residues R-CH and R-E. Both HSBC and the residues (Rs) were analyzed with multiple tools to understand their physicochemical properties. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic analysis shows that >C-C<, >C-H, >C-OH, and >C-O- moieties are abundant in HSBC and Rs, while pyrrolic nitrogen (N-P(II)) and sulfone are the main forms in which nitrogen- and sulfur-containing species exist, respectively, in the samples. According to the ultimate and Fourier transform infrared semiquantitative analyses, the aliphatic moiety-rich species obtained from the SE of HSBC with IMCDSAMS and contents of aliphatic moiety (AM)-rich species (AMRSs) obtained from the SE of HSBC with IMCDSAMS and AMRSs from the TD of R-SE in CH are higher than those of aromatic ring (AR)-rich species (ARRSs). The ethylation of some ARs in R sE occurred during the TD of R-SE in E. In addition, SE and TD increase the aromaticity of the resulting Rs. The mass loss (ML) decreases in the order of HSBC > R-SE > R-CH > R-E in the temperature range of 30-400 degrees C, and the characteristic temperatures and maximum ML rates of the Rs are obviously higher than those of HSBC in the temperature range of 600-800 degrees C. These findings provide a scientific basis for the clean and efficient utilization of coals and their Rs.