Energy & Fuels, Vol.35, No.4, 3490-3496, 2021
Core-Shell Structured Fe7S8@C Nanospheres as a High-Performance Anode Material for Potassium-Ion Batteries
Fe7S8, a potential anode material, has been extensively investigated but still faces challenges because of its poor cycling performance resulted from a large volume expansion. In this work, a solvothermal approach was employed to synthesize quasicubic alpha-Fe2O3 nanoparticles followed by sequential phenol-formaldehyde resin and mesoporous SiO2 coating. After sulfurization and the subsequent removal of the SiO2 shell, a Fe7S8@medium thickness carbon coating has been successfully fabricated, which exhibits a large specific capacity, remarkable high-current property, and stable cyclic performance for potassium-ion batteries (PIBs). It delivers a 423.3 mAh g(-1) superior initial reversible capacity at 0.2 A g(-1), excellent rate performance of 212.6 mAh g(-1) at 2 A g(-1), and long cyclic life of 266.9 mAh g(-1) at 1 A g(-1) after 500 cycles. These remarkable potassium storage properties are related to the excellent stress self-cushioning effect due to the spherical nanoarchitecture and complete carbon covering.