Electrophoresis, Vol.42, No.3, 257-268, 2021
Numerical investigation of the solute dispersion in finite-length microchannels with the interphase transport
This paper utilizes a combined approach of the convection-diffusion theory and the moment analysis to conduct a comprehensive investigation of the solute dispersion under the influence of the interphase transport in finitely long inner coated microchannels. The present work has threefold novel contributions: (1) The 2D solute concentration contours in the stationary phase are calculated for the first time to facilitate the understanding the role of the interphase transport in the solute dispersion in the mobile phase. (2) The skewness of the elution curves is investigated to guide the control of solute band shape at the channel outlet. (3) The 2D diffusion-convection theory and zero-dimensional (0D) moment analysis complement each other to present a characterization of the solute dispersion behaviors more comprehensive than that by either of the two methods alone. Parametric studies are performed to clarify the effects of four major parameters related to the interphase transport (i.e., stationary phase Peclet number, interphase transport rate, partition coefficient, and stationary phase thickness) on the solute dispersion characteristics. The results from this study provide a straightforward understanding of the effects of interphase transport on the solute dispersion in finitely long microchannels and are of potential relevance to the design and operation of the microfluidics-based analytical devices.