Current Microbiology, Vol.77, No.12, 4104-4113, 2020
Literature-Based Phenotype Survey and In Silico Genotype Investigation of Antibiotic Resistance in the GenusBifidobacterium
Bifidobacteria are typical commensals inhabiting the human intestine and are beneficial to the host because of their probiotic properties. One of the risks concerning probiotics is the potential of introducing antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) to the host gut pathogens. This study was aimed to depict the general antibiotic resistance characteristics of the genusBifidobacteriumby combining the reported phenotype dataset and in silico genotype prediction. Bifidobacteria were mostly reported to be sensitive to beta-lactams, glycopeptides, chloramphenicol, and rifampicin, but resistant to aminoglycosides, polypeptides, quinolones, and mupirocin. Generally, the resistance phenotypes to erythromycin, tetracycline, fusidic acid, metronidazole, clindamycin, and trimethoprim were variable. BesidescmXandtetQ, characterized in bifidobacterial resident plasmids, 3520 putative ARGs were identified from 831 bifidobacterial genomes through BLASTP search. The identified ARGs matched thirty-eight reference ARGs, four of which seemed to be mutant housekeeping genes. The two high-abundant ARGs,tetWandermX, were found to have different distribution traits. The predicted ARGs reasonably explained most of the corresponding resistant phenotypes in the published literature.