Current Applied Physics, Vol.21, 161-169, 2021
Facile synthesis of flower-like alpha-Fe2O3/ZnFe2O4 architectures with self-assembled core-shell nanorods for superior TEA detection
Uniform flower-like alpha-Fe2O3 architectures with self-assembled core-shell nanorods are constructed and successfully prepared via the facile process. The concentration of Fe salt plays a great significance for morphological evolution from nanorods to self-assembled microflowers. Flower-like alpha-Fe2O3/ZnFe2O4 consisting of alpha-Fe2O3 core and ZnFe2O4 shell nanorods are derived from FeOOH/ZIF-8 precursors. The detailed studies reveal that the tunable growth of ZIF-8 nanoparticles on three-dimensional FeOOH microflowers at room temperature and the availble calcination regulation are responsible for the formation of core-shell Fe2O3/ZnFe2O4 composites. The highest response value of flower-like alpha-Fe2O3/ZnFe2O4 architectures to 100 ppm triethylamine (TEA) has been improved to 141 at 280 degrees C, which is calculated to be 6.2 times compared with flower-like alpha-Fe2O3 architectures (22.7). The enhanced gas-sensing mechanism of alpha-Fe2O3/ZnFe2O4 composites can be attributed to the typical microflowers structures, the large specific surface area, the effective heterojunctions between alpha-Fe2O3 core and ZnFe2O4 shell, and the improved electron transfer process.