Current Applied Physics, Vol.22, 77-83, 2021
Insight into magnetic properties in zinc ferrite thin films by tuning oxygen content
In this investigation ZnFe2O4 thin films were fabricated by RF magnetron sputtering and the magnetic behavior was examined under the influence of the growth conditions in three types of atmospheres, using near-ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (NAP-XPS) and vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM). XPS revealed that films under an Ar/O-2 ratio 1:2 and 2:1 have Fe/Zn atomic ratios similar to the Fe/Zn stoichiometric composition; while the films deposited in pure Ar atmosphere, showed a formation of Fe ions (Fe-0) reduced by Ar ion sputtering. VSM revealed an enhancing of the saturation magnetization for the ZFO in thin films unlike the samples in bulk, suggesting that Fe ions migrate to A sites and the interaction J(AB) dominates the magnetic properties instead of J(BB) interaction.