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Combustion and Flame, Vol.220, 475-487, 2020
A physics-based approach to modeling real-fuel combustion chemistry - VI. Predictive kinetic models of gasoline fuels
The HyChem (hybrid chemistry) approach is utilized for modeling the combustion behaviors of gasoline fuels. The approach combines an experimentally constrained, lumped-step model for fuel pyrolysis under the high-temperature combustion condition and a detailed foundation fuel chemistry model to describe the subsequent oxidation of the pyrolysis products. We present results obtained for two Shell gasoline fuels as examples. The results show that with the parameters in the lumped reactions determined by matching the experiment time history data of key products of gasoline pyrolysis, the HyChem reaction models capture the ignition delay times and laminar flame speeds over a wide range of thermodynamic conditions. The HyChem approach is also extended to model the negative-temperature coefficient (NTC) behaviors for the gasoline fuels. The results show that the NTC-enabled models are capable of capturing the ignition delays under both high-temperature conditions and the conditions under which the NTC behaviors are important. The relationship between fuel composition and combustion properties is analyzed. Finally, the HyChem models are reduced to about 40 species to enable turbulent combustion modeling of gasoline fuels in practical engine simulations. (c) 2020 The Combustion Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.