Combustion and Flame, Vol.224, 43-53, 2021
Reflected shock-initiated ignition probed via simultaneous lateral and endwall high-speed imaging with a transparent, cylindrical test-section
A TRAnsparent cylindrical (TRAC) shock tube test section has been developed to explore the ignition structure behind reflected shockwaves via simultaneous lateral and endwall high-speed imaging using three fuel/oxidizer mixtures: 0.1% n-C7H16/1.10%O-2/4.14% N-2/94.66% Ar, 0.1% iC(8)H(18)/1.25% O-2/4.69% N-2/93.96% Ar, and 5% CH4/10% O-2/85% CO2. During mild ignition, the first exothermic centers were located outside of the observable test section. It is shown that with increasing temperature the far-wall ignition events move closer to the endwall, until a strong ignition is achieved. The temperature gradients that promote mild ignition were quantified and were found to have a slight dependence on fuel with the RMS temperature gradients being 0.80% for n-heptane and 1.07% for isooctane. The impact of temperature gradients on metrics used to improve kinetic models, such as species time histories, is noteworthy. From this temperature gradient, an experimental correlation is provided to estimate the transition temperature from mild to strong ignition for a mixture. The effect of diagnostic location in non-homogeneous reactions is quantified in reference to ignition delay. The unique and insightful perspective on the ignition process under heavy shock bifurcation is also discussed. (C) 2020 The Combustion Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.