Combustion and Flame, Vol.226, 182-189, 2021
Effect on combustion of oxide coating formed on aluminum nanoparticles burned in steam
A model of combustion of aluminum nanopowder in water vapor has been analyzed with allowance for the formation of a condensed phase of aluminum oxide on aluminum particles. Various processes affecting the growth rate of the oxide coating have been considered including adsorption and surface diffusion of Al2O3 molecules on aluminum particles, and condensation of the molecules on the oxide coating. Model calculations have yielded the time profiles of system temperature, phase and fractional composition, as well as the shape of oxide coated aluminum particles. The heterogeneous processes forming the condensed phase of aluminum oxide on Al particles have shown to increase heat generation in the system. On the other hand, shielding aluminum particles by oxide coating retards aluminum evaporation. The competition of these processes during the formation of oxide coating is one of the factors affecting the combustion of aluminum nanopowder in water vapor. (C) 2020 The Combustion Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.