Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, Vol.28, No.12, 3027-3034, 2020
Upgrading Siberian (Russia) crude oil by hydrodesulfurization in a slurry reactor: A kinetic study
Hydrodesulfurization (HDS) of sour crude oil is an effective way to address the corrosion problems in refineries, and is an economic way to process sour crude oil in an existing refinery built for sweet oil. In the current study, the HDS of Siberian crude oil was carried out in a slurry reactor. The Co-Mo, Ni-Mo, and Ni-W catalysts supported on gamma-Al2O3 were compared at the temperature of 340 degrees C and the pressure of 4.5 MPa. The HDS activity follows the order of Co-Mo > Ni-Mo > Ni-W at a high concentration of H2S, and the difference between Co-Mo and Ni-Mo becomes insignificant at a low concentration of H2S. The influence of reaction temperature 320-360 degrees C and reaction pressure 3-5.5 MPa was investigated, and both play a positive role in the HDS reaction. A kinetic model over Ni-Mo/Al2O3 in the slurry reactor was established. The activation energy is estimated as 60.34 kJ.mol(-1): the orders of sulfur components and hydrogen partial pressure are 1.43 and 130, respectively. The kinetic parameters are compared with those in a trickle-bed reactor, implying that the mass transfer is greatly enhanced in the slurry reactor. The back mixing effect is present in the slurry reactor and can be reduced by a multi-stage design, which would lead to higher reactor efficiency in industrial application. (C) 2020 The Chemical Industry and Engineering Society of China, and Chemical Industry Press Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.