Chemie Ingenieur Technik, Vol.93, No.4, 534-546, 2021
Molten Salt Storage for Power Generation
Storage of electrical energy is a key technology for a future climate-neutral energy supply with volatile photovoltaic and wind generation. Besides the well-known technologies of pumped hydro, power-to-gas-to-power and batteries, the contribution of thermal energy storage is rather unknown. At the end of 2019 the worldwide power generation capacity from molten salt storage in concentrating solar power (CSP) plants was 21 GWh(el). This article gives an overview of molten salt storage in CSP and new potential fields for decarbonization such as industrial processes, conventional power plants and electrical energy storage.