Chemical Engineering Research & Design, Vol.165, 51-60, 2021
Green synthesis of ester base oil with high viscosity - Part II: Reaction kinetics study
As an eco-friendly lubricant base oil, ester base oil is receiving increasing attention. However, studies on synthetic reaction kinetics of high viscosity complex ester have been rarely reported. In this work, based on the principle of equal reactivity of all functional groups and simplified kinetics models, synthetic reaction kinetics for high viscosity complex ester was investigated in two steps. As for the esterification of trimethylolpropane with glutaric acid, the activation energies of the first and second stage were 55.3 and 73.5 kJ/mol, respectively. As for the esterification of the first step products with 2-ethylhexanoic acid, the activation energies of the first and second stage were 60.6 and 98.2 kJ/mol, respectively. As for the esterification of the first step products with n-heptanoic acid, its activation energy was 68.9 kJ/mol. A mutation phenomenon on reaction order from zero to second order was discovered, which could be explained by the strong adsorption of organic acid on catalyst surface. The conversion rate of carboxyl of synthetic reaction for mixed acid ester was estimated by simulation, and average relative error was less than 3.0%. The synthetic process of high viscosity complex ester was considered to consist of a series of parallel-consecutive reactions with addition-elimination mechanism. (C) 2020 Institution of Chemical Engineers. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.